PHP openssl_encrypt() Function
openssl_encrypt($your_data, $encryption_algorithm, $encryption_key, $options, $initialization_vector) — This PHP function encrypts a given data with a given encryption method and key, to return a raw or base64 encoded string
- $initialization_vector (IV) - an arbitary random value used as a seed, along with an encrytion key, to encrypt you message. Without a random seed, a pattern can developed in your cipher data if only your encryption key is used. By mixing in an IV, you mitigate any patterns from forming which could be identified and used to break your encryption key.